Why We Don’t Feed Puppy Food To Great Dane Puppies
By V. Louise Feddema
Many large and giant breeds are identified with specific limb and joint conditions. Great Danes are susceptible to some of these conditions. Bone disease is often the result of factors other than genetic in these large breed and giant breed dogs.
Great Danes are sometimes subject to lameness during their heavy growth period from between four and eighteen months of age.
Assuming the reader has done his or her homework and gotten his or her dog from an ethical breeder who has taken advantage of testing and genetic registries (OFA, PenHip, CERF- for example) I will go onto other reasons for orthopedic problems.
High intake of calcium is associated with various bone diseases in Great Danes. Some dogs are at risk for osteochodrosis (OCD). Diets high in protein also increase the growth lameness tendencies for large dogs. Most breeders recommend that no vitamin or mineral supplement (other than Vitamin C) be given Great Danes
OCD (Osteochondrosis Dissecans)
This disease often causes temporary or permanent lameness in dogs. This happens when the normal process of bone growth results in cartilage that is replaced by bone, and growth regions are overgrown. This can effect the shoulder. elbow, hock and even the stifle. Protein intake should be less than 25% to help prevent this condition- slower growth may prevent OCD. Give NO calcium supplementation, feed NO puppy foods, as they usually have higher calcium/mineral content.
Pano or “longbone” (Panosteitis)
If you have to have a bone disease, this is the one that you want. It will go away. It is a self-limiting disease that could be called “doggy growing pains”. It should not, however, be ignored. This condition effects the long bones of fast growing young dogs. Lameness is acute and painful, but is not related to injury. Lameness goes from one leg to another, and may go away without treatment. Limit activity, treat pain (usually with analgesics), lower protein ot less than 20% for a few months to slow down growth. Talk to your vet about MSM as a means to aide rehabilitation. Stronger pain medication is available. But should be used with caution and only under a vets supervision.
HOD (Hypertrophied Osteodsytrophy)
This disease may be caused by excessive caloric intake in relation to energy expended. More in, than out! This usually effects Great Danes between the ages of 12 weeks and 7 months of age. First signs are a swelling of the front wrist area-this area is usually hot and tender to the touch. (progress to faulty rear movement-because of pain in the lower back legs). Then, there is a dropping of he front wrist (pastern), splayed feet (toes are spread out flat), the topline (the top of the back) gets curvy (like a Greyhound) and the back legs are tucked under the body (like a Deerhound) making the dog appear deformed. Sometimes the rear legs look “cow hocked” (feet facing outward and hocks facing towards each other) and the front legs may toe inward. In some cases the dog will toe out; when viewing the puppy from straight above the shoulders down to the front feet, the legs will have a knock-kneed appearance. In extreme cases there are high fevers, refusal to eat, and constantly aching joints. This is caused by high protein foods consumed in larger amounts than is actually needed by puppies. Puppies do better on high quality, lower protein food ranging from around 20% to 25% protein.
What the owner can do to help assure proper growth
Adding “people food” can raise the protein levels or imbalance the calcium/mineral ratio.
Keep your puppy well fleshed, but no fat. Remember, slow, steady growth will do more for your puppy than rapid growth that can happen with puppy foods. The puppy will eventually reach its genetic potential, but without the additional risk to bone that comes from high proteins and supplementation (calcium/minerals) or puppy foods.
It is obvious that nutrition is a big part in bone disease in Great Danes….it is really over-nutrition that is the BIG PROBLEM; too much protein, too much calcium/minerals, too much food. Don’t be so nice to your dog that you cripple it or kill it.
Reprinted by Dusti Summerbird-Lockey with permission from V. Louise Feddema July,2001